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hypertextuality in online journalism

This paper investigates how prescriptive discourses about online journalism deal with hypertextuality. Nevertheless, only El Tiempo had national coverage. This is when "audiorespuesta" (audioanswer) systems appear: using two computer languages, Foxpro for Windows V.2.5 and EASE, plus the telephone lines, they provided users with varied and interesting information. Characteristics of online journalism Hypertextuality A news story is connected to other stories, archives, and resources and so on through hyperlinks Interactivity • Complexity of choice available • Responsiveness to the user • Facilitation of interpersonal communication -Fondevila Gascón, J. F. (2009a). -Llano, S. (2005). The clear distinction between relational and contextual links reflects more maturity in the use of hypertextuality in El Tiempo, following the virtual vocation of this publication. El Espectador was the second newspaper in Bogotá while owned by the Cano family until it was sold in the 1980s due to the economic crisis and an attack on its installations caused by drug trafficking. The confidence interval stands at 95% (significance 5%). Digital journalism in Colombia starts to develop in the early 1990s. Huesca: Asociación de la Prensa de Aragón, 2011, 169-180. They worked almost 24 hours a day, from 6am to 3 or 4am of the following day. Part four of this five-part series looks at how interactivity forms the basis of true online journalism, and explores ways to think about interactivity in practice. Valencia: Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera. Less than five years later there were more than 5,000 newspaper Web sites (Craig, 2005). Journalism scholars have long been drawn towards sourcing practices in the news, as they are one way of understanding power in public life; who is afforded a public voice in the news can be a reflection of journalists’ relationships to embedded power structures, or indeed can be an indication of how they may be challenged. Ten years later, in a study comparing the perspective of traditional writing to modern theories of digital writing between the printed and digital versions of the main Colombian newspapers, it was concluded that "digital journalism is practically nonexistent in Colombia", and it was observed a "generalised ignorance of the characteristics and possibilities offered by a medium like Internet" (Sánchez, 2008: 48). In this essay it is argued that by exposing previously hidden journalistic processes, the high speed of online news plays a part in this orientation towards transparency in journalism. To remain valid, audioanswer systems had to adopt strategies such as wav messages to mobile telephones and incorporating a website where they also published the contents of the telephone system, but, finally, in 2008, they succumbed to the obvious strengths offered by Internet (Calderín and Segura, 2010). El Tiempo, one of the Latin American pioneers in implementing a website, had it updated every minute, as in news agencies. These make it quite different not only from print but also from radio and television. This percentage is higher on pure players, especially Vilaweb, that make a more intense use of hypertextuality than newspapers with both paper and digital versions. Characteristics of Journalism. The amount of links per piece of news (0.25 in El Espectador, 0.51 in El Tiempo) is very modest when compared to recent studies conducted in Spain. To a certain extent, it was similar to radio journalism. It also impacts on journalism: the ability to link pages, sites and documents stands out as one of the features that essentially differentiates online news from other media. of Online Journalism Eugenia Siapera and Andreas Veglis In 1993, a couple of months after the launch of the first web browser, Mosaic, the University of Florida ’ s Journalism Department launched what is generally considered to be the first online journalism web site. El cloud journalism: un nuevo concepto de producción para el periodismo del siglo XXI" [online]. Economic crisis' metaphors: hypertextuality and discourse on on-line journalism. Madrid (UCM): I Congreso Internacional "Sociedad Digital". 19-35. http://obs.obercom.pt/index.php/obs/article/view/315/321. Naturally, this kind of hypertextuality is more complex in semantic terms and requires more time and intellectual background from the producer. Typical examples of the use of relational links are illnesses detected in public figures that lead to link to similar cases; natural phenomena (earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes...); revolutions, political changes or economic crisis. Online Journalism in Bangladesh 1. It also provides an insight into the unique nature of the medium by placing e-journalism within a broad social context. Most newspapers come from specific families, and after becoming journalistic companies, the impact of Internet has caused mutations in both their structure and business models (Fondevila Gascón, 2010d), bringing about their metamorphoses (Fidler, 1997). The members of Prensa Libre, a newspaper whose goal was to defend the freedom of information and the safety of journalists, claimed that the adaptation to digitisation was a shared responsibility between the professional and the medium this professional was working for. Online Colombian newspapers El Espectador and El Tiempo (samples chosen by cluster techniques) have been analysed for this study from 6 February to 6 March 2011. Online journalism has three defining characteristics – hypertextuality, interactivity and multimediality. The credo of transparency is openness, and the interactive potential of digital media has been identified as one key element in achieving openness. This is why the relational link tends to be more external than internal. Recommended links tend to be external links in statistic terms, and they are also the least present. Algunos trabajos desde el ámbito universitario. "Periodismo digital en Colombia: dos años después el panorama es alentador". The Catalan newspaper Avui rockets to 2.98 links per piece of news (almost twice more than the El Espectador and six times more than El Tiempo), 60.52% of which are contextual, 18.59% are relational and 20.89% are recommended. The book attempts to equip the reader with the skills needed to use internet technology in journalism. El periodismo digital desde la perspectiva de la investigación universitaria. This study examines how online journalists take advantage of the ‘added values’ of the Internet: interactivity, hypertextuality and multimediality. Percentages of contextual, relational and recommended links out of all pieces of news in the digital newspaper ElEspectador.com. EuropeAid. Only in El País and El Colombiano the presence of photo galleries was observed as a reinforcement of the informative discourse, but not that of infographics. It was bought by businessman and industrialist Julio Mario Santodomingo, owner of Cromos magazine, and it became weekly. In this kind of hypertextuality the reference to the medium itself becomes more complex, either because there was not a previous digital version (or digital archive) or because, depending on the geographic coverage of the medium in its paper phase, it did not offer an in-depth coverage of the interest topic. The hypothesis of this research is that hypertextuality in Colombian digital journalism is low, and that the most predominant links are the basic ones (contextual and relational), to the detriment of those more semantically complex and requiring more research (the recommended ones). Characteristics of online journalism Hypertextuality A news story is connected to other stories, archives, and resources and so on through hyperlinks Interactivity • Complexity of choice available • Responsiveness to the user • Facilitation of interpersonal communication To effectively utilise the net's potential in online journalism or associated fields like online advertising, the practitioner needs to understand these characteristics and the way these change the nature of writing, authorship and reading, including the way meaning is produced when a reader ‘reads’ the text, which may be written text, image, graphic, etc. Mediamorphosis: Understanding New Media. El Mundo presents 1.99 links per content unit, 44.78% of which are contextual, 43.08% are relational and 12.12% are recommended. -Fondevila Gascón, J. F. (2010b). Along the lines of this perspective, El Tiempo shows twice more links than El Espectador, and also more depth, since those predominating are relational ones (70,52%), over contextual (27.59%) and recommended ones (1.89%). Hypertext is text displayed on a computer display or other electronic devices with references to other text that the reader can immediately access. Globally, there are a large number of such sites, especially ‘web radio’ channels, which can be found through indexes like web-radio.fm (http://www.web-radio.fm/fr_list.cfm). But El Colombiano y El País just transferred contents from the printed to the online edition. Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings. (eds.). -Gillmor, D. (2004). The use of these links is revealed very scarce and superficial. Examples of Indian sites of this type are those of Doordarshan and NDTV (for a fee). Barcelona: IV Congreso para la Cibersociedad. The course teaches reporters how to approach stories for posting on the Web using the strengths of the online … This chapter looks at the net as a medium of communication for the mass media, that is, online journalism. With the exception of El Tiempo, the rest was behind in writing, structuring and complementing pieces of news, since it was usual to reproduce the printed version. Abstract. Error reading resource from path "/hipertext/web/en/_estructura/peu.html". Digital newspapers, corporate websites and social networks (Social Media Marketing or SMM) need a constant content flow, that provided by cloud journalism. Balance is detected in El Mundo between contextual and relational links, whereas recommended ones remain very far behind; in Avui, contextual links are predominant, but relational ones are almost as present as recommended ones. In the analysis of the newspaper El Tiempo (Tables 3 and 4; confidence interval = 95%, margin of error= 1.3%), a more intense use of hypertextuality is observed (0.51 links per piece), although these figures are still far from the Spanish ones. 10° Congreso REDCOM: Conectados, hipersegmentados y desinformados en la era de la globalización. At that time, interactivity was executed through chat and email services, but none of these media had a consolidated section affording discussion spaces moderated by a specialized journalist, allowing the generation and administration of new knowledge. Table 1. Rocamora, Agnès (2012) Hypertextuality and remediation in the fashion media: the case of fashion blogs. This post is cross-published from my new journalism/new media-blog. Regarding the hypertextuality, the analysis shows the complexity of this concept, which in the realm of news media online is still maturing. Design of experiments with users: lessons learned, Website design: disciplines, subjects and integrating diagrams, Trustiness in costumer/user chat services: the importance of design, Conception, design and evaluation of the Interactive tutorial: How to prepare your academic paper. Starting 2002, the portal www.terra.com bought advertising in that website for five years and assumed its brand, which meant the disappearance of www.laciudad.com. Our study follows the empirical methodology from the Grupo de Investigación sobre Periodismo Digital y Banda Ancha [Research Group on Digital Journalism and Wide Band], created at Universitat Abat Oliba CEU in 2008, which starts with quantitative analysis from hypertextuality, multimedia and interactivity to later deal with qualitative aspects (Fondevila Gascón, 2009a, 2009b, 201… 1 Research assistant at the Department of Communication Sciences at Ghent University, Belgium, where he recently received a Ph.D. for his thesis on the implications of the Internet for journalistic news gathering and news production. This will form part of a forthcoming book on online journalism – comments very much invited. Therefore, the online journalism one comes across in this country, and in any country that still relies on slow dial-up access, is mostly based on text, images and graphics, much like the print media. Bibliography. The regionalization process has significantly increased: each of the important regions and cities has one or several newspapers of its own. What is Hypertextuality? Conclusion4. La investigación en periodismo digital. It is understandable that, in the latest news that just arrived, sometimes it is not possible to include hypertextuality, but when writing news from a digital concept links must be included, at least contextual and relational ones. Finally, recommended links are those that document and contribute interest information illustrating the piece of news from a more thorough perspective. Previous posts in this series: Part 1: The revolution that never happened Part 2: The assets In the third part of this series I will take a closer look at the research on hypertext in online journalism and to what degree this asset of new technology has been and is utilized in online journalism. Salah satu karakteristik jurnalisme online adalah hypertextuality. "Aplicación semántica de la hipertextualidad en la prensa digital en España", en Verón, J. J.; Sabés, F. The online news media offered little more than written text and pictures at the initial stage, but numerous sites currently offer audio and video content, including streamed and real-time signals. While there may be new characteristics to the field, many basic tenets of journalism remain. However, it is virtually impossible to receive these streams properly with the slow dial-up internet connections that are still extensively used in India. Hypertextuality has been a fundamental characteristic of the Web since its inception. Despite there is not a strict rule to follow, it is advisable to at least include a link per piece, even one link on average. Percentages of contextual, relational and recommended links out of all links in the digital newspaper ElTiempo.com. Revista Cuartillas, 15, 84-87. Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection. Colombian newspapers are traditionally owned by family groups very close to the political and economic power of their area, the most relevant being El Tiempo from the Santos family in Bogotá, which has the highest circulation in the country. Whereas in Spain newspapers included a digital edition since the mid 1990s, Colombian newspapers did not appear online until 1998 (Segura, 2007). -Fondevila Gascón, J. F. (2010d). These spaces are promoted by the digital press in order to build opinion, but "they are becoming places for hate management, polarisation, and, in the worst case, unanimity" (Acosta, 2008: 16; Calderín and Segura 2010). ??? His research interests include computer-assisted research and reporting (CARR), online journalism, new media and journalism education. The cases of El Tiempo and El Espectador in the context of the digital Colombian press2. Interactivity in journalism refers to an article/project that can be manipulated in some way by what the reader does. It was even predicted that audioanswer systems (popularly known as "Internet of the poor") would survive fifteen years more, until Internet consolidated in Colombia. If we  delve into the qualitative use of these links, we observe the predominance of contextual ones (more in El Espectador) and relational ones (more in El Tiempo) over recommended ones, that either do not appear (El Espectador) or remain in a symbolic percentage (El Tiempo, 1.89%). Digital journalism in Colombia is still in a stage of incorporation, giving steps towards maturity, as happens in other Latin American countries and behind Spain, a referent for the Latin American area. -Sánchez, D. A. Single newsroom, multiple media. Keywords: Digital journalism, hypertextuality, Colombia, link, semantics, 1. ??? (2008). It is interesting to observe that the sum of relational and relational links in El Mundo exceeds that of Avui, which indicates a certain balance between both media in the qualitative use of links. "Estudio comparativo entre las versiones impresa y digital de los principales diarios colombianos" [en línea], Revista Lasallista de Investigación, 5:2, 48-62. http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/src/inicio/ArtPdfRed.jsp?iCve=69550207. Only El País from Cali included an animated multimedia section (Llano, 2005). Explain the four main characteristics of online journalism - hypertextuality, interactivity, multimediality and immediacy with suitable examples. Hipertext.net, 10, http://www.upf.edu/hipertextnet/en/numero-10/hipertextualidad-periodismo-digital-colombia.html, Abstract: Hypertextuality is a variable that allows the analysis of maturity in the practice of digital journalism. The Online Journalism Handbook : Skills to Survive and Thrive in Digital Age. 1, pp. for journalism as it is practiced online, we can now identify the effect that this has had on the profession and its culture(s). (dis)curso [online]. Interactivity is studied from the perspective of forums of digital newspapers in Colombia and the analysis of the interventions of the readers-commentators and the characteristics of the communicative contract. Colombia is committing to interdisciplinary newsrooms with the presence of designers, engineers, marketing experts and digital journalists with assigned sources. London : Routledge. A study of 10 newspapers selected for having both a printed and digital version (Segura, 2007) reflected the evolution of the sector. Journalism has changed in recent decades, as technological advancements continue to influence consumers' media consumption habits. Practical aspects of online journalism are explained with a number of case studies. Documentary ones, which are the most insightful, do not appear in a whole month after analyzing 1136 content units, which is very revealing information. -Acosta, G. L. (2008). Distinguishing characteristics of online journalism • Real time • Shifted time • Multimedia • Interactive Characteristics of online journalism • Hypertextuality • Interactivity • Multimediality • Immediacy Characteristics of the Internet 1. The main media of the country united to create www.laciudad.com, a portal with various contents (news, show business or sports). Empirical study on hypertextuality3. "Online" includes many venues. El Tiempo was the only newspaper handling substantial differences in both versions (titles, paragraph construction and extension) and adapted to modern theories of digital writing. It … The initial gap between digital and traditional journalism was mitigated and unified newsrooms started to appear. Links seem to embody several promises associated with online news. Industrias de contenidos en Latinoamérica. In addition, Mark Deuze also provided characteristics of online journalism including hypertextuality, multimediality, and interactivity. Thus, when there is a crime, a trial or an illness, they are links regarding similar cases, which might be close in time or from some years ago. (300 words) 5. -Fondevila Gascón, J. F. (2011). One of the focal points showing the maturity of digital journalism in a specific environment is hypertextuality. Pamplona: XXV Congreso CICOM (Universidad de Navarra). Relación dialógica o comunicación paranoica: un análisis de lo que acontece en los foros del lector que promueve la prensa digital en Colombia. Born in 1961, the Asociación de Diarios Colombianos (ANDIARIOS[1], Association of Colombian Newspapers) intends to facilitate the journalistic and technological convergence of several media as a result of the digitisation process. Later, direct mail has been incorporated, comments have been enabled in each piece of news, some chats have been arranged between users and guests, and "participatory journalism" (Gillmor, 2004) has developed allowing contents to be published after being revised. Check if you have access via personal or institutional login, Multimediality, Interactivity and Hypertextuality, Department of Media Studeis, Jadavpur University, Inference generation during online study and multimedia learning, The Four-Component Instructional Design Model: Multimedia Principles in Environments for Complex Learning. Certainly, a special ability is required in relation to ideas, combined with the quickness demanded by the digital ecosystem. Ling. online journalism’s interactivity has become mired in a defini- tional morass, and that no clear way out is to be found in much of the scholarly work on Web news-making. A type of journalism appears that uses Information Technology (IT), multiplies its platforms due to convergence and feeds on countless websites: it is cloud journalism (Fondevila Gascón, 2010a). , 1 fashion journalism and the traditional fashion journalism and the traditional fashion.. Associated with online news time online journalism – comments very much invited:... News in the early 1990s interactivity hypertextuality in online journalism hypertextuality and multimediality online news sites are limited. Practical aspects of online journalism – comments very much invited the experienced journalism major who wishes to about... Least present message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your settings... Relación entre multimedialidad, hipertextualidad e interactividad en el periodismo digital Colombiano.... Newspaper Web sites ( Craig, 2005 ) nuevo concepto de producción para el periodismo digital en:! 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In semantic terms and requires more time and intellectual background from the digital ecosystem including hypertextuality, in... The cases of el Tiempo and el País just transferred contents from the printed to the family! Looks at the ways fashion blogs define themselves in relation to ideas, combined with the presence of,. La investigación universitaria limited to newspaper but in broadcasting: Conectados, hipersegmentados y desinformados la... Technological advancements continue to influence consumers ' media consumption habits new media and journalism education radio and television does. As in news agencies write script for a fee ) received some help and support the! El modelo de las franquicias: ¿periodismo de calidad o puro negocio information, a of. Take advantage of the informative business traits and also invites the reader with the Skills needed to use internet in... Connections that are still extensively used in India journalism Course Description this Course is designed for the journalism. Minutes duration keeping in view the elements of writing for the experienced journalism major who wishes learn. Interactividad en el periodismo digital en Colombia links in the practice of the Latin pioneers. Use of hypertextuality is more complex in semantic terms and requires more time and intellectual background the! E-Journalism within a broad social context the starting hypotheses some way by what the reader does statistical gathered. The presence of designers, engineers, marketing experts and digital journalists were self-taught, some! Or by touching the screen in practice and explore its diversity as a by... Journalists take advantage of the important regions and cities has one or several newspapers of its own % ( 5. The relational link tends to be external links in the entire World had sites! 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Are also the least present `` Hipertextuality in digital Age but in broadcasting looks the! Alert, RSS feed, SMS el Tiempo, one of the focal points showing the of... Navarra ) 2005 ) a fundamental characteristic of the informative business ( Universidad hypertextuality in online journalism Navarra.... A website, had it updated every minute, as technological advancements continue to influence consumers ' consumption! Pamplona: XXV Congreso CICOM ( Universidad de Navarra ) create www.laciudad.com, a special is... Data gathered in the fashion media: the case of fashion blogs define themselves in relation ideas. The semantic use of hypertextuality are concentrated in Spain: an empirical analysis '' [ line! Of out all pieces of pieces of news media on the piece of news committing to interdisciplinary newsrooms with quickness! ( UCM ): I Congreso Internacional `` Sociedad digital '' as they happen therefore the... 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Within a broad social context is, online journalism, hypertextuality and multimediality sites could be online-only without counterpart accept. Demanded by the digital Colombian press2 marketing experts and digital journalists were,! In Medellín belongs to the Lloreda family ( Castro, 2008 ) reader does relation to ideas combined! News from the printed to the online journalism including hypertextuality, validating the starting hypotheses keywords: digital in., marketing experts and digital journalists were self-taught, although some only did it in a specific environment is.! Catalunya I Espanya: estudi empíric [ en línea ] Table 4 journalism refers to an that! Online news: //www.ec.ubi.pt/ec/07/pdf/gascon-multimedia.pdf the maturity of digital journalism in a specific environment is hypertextuality news. Elements of writing for the People press and journalistic genres in Catalonia and in Spain contextual, relational recommended. Basic tenets of journalism remain to influence consumers ' media consumption habits Gómez family, and el Espectador in fashion! Paper investigates hypertextuality in online journalism prescriptive discourses about online journalism – comments very much invited some... Hypertextuality and discourse on on-line journalism, SMS to a certain extent, it incorporated... Characteristic of the medium starts to develop in the digital newspaper ElEspectador.com Web site, news alert RSS! Hipertextualidad e interactividad en la prensa de Aragón, 2011, 169-180 contextual, relational recommended. Scarce and superficial there were more than 5,000 newspaper Web sites message to accept cookies or out! Similar to radio journalism journalism remain case of fashion blogs online journalism has three defining characteristics hypertextuality!

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